Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism is a bio-neurological developmental disability that generally appears before the age of 3. Autism impacts the normal development of the brain in the areas of social interaction, communication skills, and cognitive function. Individuals with autism typically have difficulties in verbal and nonverbal communication, social interactions, and leisure or play activities. Autism disorders are measured on a spectrum that puts it on a scale of light to severe. the closer to severe the disorder is, the more autistic the person is. Another reason why Autism is called a “spectrum” is because the symptoms vary from child to child.

Statistics

In the U.S alone, 1 in 68 children have Autism. Autism is found 5 times more commonly in boys, 1 in 42 boys in the U.S have Autism, opposed to 1 in 189 girls. According to the National Autism Association, about 40 percent of children with autism do not speak. 25%-30% children have some words at 12 months to 18 months and later lose them. Other might speak, but later in childhood.

Symptoms and Treatment

Some signs of autism include lacking in social skills, ability to have or maintain eye contact, being introverted, and or aggressive behaviors. They may seem like they prefer to be alone instead of playing with other people. Also, autistic people might engage in stereotypy - to do something repeatedly and often, such as flapping their hands or playing with their fingers or something. They may also have a delay with their speech. The severity of symptoms vary from child to child.

    Treatments

  • Behavioral training and management - positive reinforcement, self-help, and social skills training to improve behavior and communication.
  • Specialized therapies - These include speech, occupational, and physical therapy
  • Medicines - most commonly used to treat related conditions

Autism and Technology

According to www.autismspeaks.org, many children with autism work great with technology. Technology is something children see in their everyday lives, making it a comfortable tool for them to use. Technology is available everywhere, making it convenient for everyone.

Resources